Part 2 of 2 – On those kuffaar/mushrikiin who NEVER received the da’wah and message of Islam and/or heard of Rasulullah ﷺ
A californian contended that Imam Ghazali was of the opinion that people outside of Islam can possibly attain salvation, and that he adheres to it.
Firstly dear Muslims – ‘Aqaid are NEVER based on the opinions of scholars or anyone, but rather based on unambiguous verses of the Quran and the Holy Prophet ﷺ. It is a crime against the noble Imam Al-Ghazali to suggest that he happened to have an “opinion” on a creedal matter, more so on a matter upon which the Quran says very clearly and unambiguously:
وَمَن يَبْتَغِ غَيْرَ الإِسْلاَمِ دِينًا فَلَن يُقْبَلَ مِنْهُ وَهُوَ فِي الآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ
Translation of meaning: And who ever seeks a religion other than Islam, it shall NEVER be accepted from him, and he shall be of those who are doomed in the hereafter. [Holy Quran 3:85]
Secondly – Here is the quote attributed to Imam Ghazali (from his Faysal al-Tafriqa) that the californian has twisted to please his infidel brothers and sisters:
بل أقول: إن أكثر نصارى الروم والترك في هذا الزمان تشملهم الرحمة إن شاء الله تعالى: أعني الذين هم في أقاصي الروم والترك، ولم تبلغهم الدعوة، فإنهم ثلاثة أصناف:
صنف: لم يبلغهم اسم محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم أصلاً، فهم معذورون.
وصنف: بلغهم اسمه ونعته، وما ظهر عليه من المعجزات، وهم المجاورون لبلاد الإسلام، والمخالطون لهم، وهم الكفار الملحدون.
وصنف: ثالث بين الدرجتين، بلغهم اسم محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم، ولم يبلغهم نعته وصفته، بل سمعوا أيضاً منذ الصبا أن كذاباً ملبساً اسمه محمد ادعى النبوة، كما سمع صبياننا أن كذاباً يقال له المقفع، ادعى أن الله بعثه وتحدى بالنبوة كاذباً.
فهؤلاء عندي في معنى الصنف الأول، فإنهم مع أنهم سمعوا اسمه، سمعوا ضد أوصافه، وهذا لا يحرك داعية النظر في الطلب.
But I say: Indeed, the majority of the christian Romans and Turks of these times shall be included in the mercy in-sha-Allah. I imply the people who reside in the distant regions of Rome and Turkey, and the da’wah [of Islam] has not reached them. These people then, are of three categories:
[One] Category: Even the name “Muhammad”, sal Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, did not reach them. Then they have an excuse.
And [a second] category: His [our Master Rasulullah ﷺ] name and accolades reached them; and what was manifest upon him [ﷺ] as miracles, and they live conjoined to the lands of Islam, and interact with them [i.e., Muslims]. And they are defiant infidels.
And a category: the third one, between these two [mentioned above]; The name “Muhammad”, sal Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, reached them; but his [ﷺ] accolades and attributes did not reach them; on the contrary, since childhood they heard [none other than], ‘there is a liar by the name of Muhammad [al-‘eyadhu biLlah] who claims prophethood” – as our children have [rightly] heard about a liar called muqaffa’, he claimed that Allah sent him, and challenged people to disprove his claim to prophethood.
These people then are in the implication [i.e., jurisdiction] of the first category of people; for even though they heard his name, they heard the opposite of his attributes, and this [misinformation] will not goad them to seek further.
Before we go on to examine Imam Ghazali’s quote and the disgraceful butchering of it by the californian, a couple of things should be noted here:
Rahmah or mercy does not necessarily refer to paradise, but rather protection from fire alone is a great mercy. Just being annihilated is a great mercy, as proven by the sayings of our Master ‘Umar, radzi Allahu ‘anhu:
عن عمر بن الخطاب أنه سمع رجلاًًً يقرأ : هل أتى على الإنسان حين من الدهر لم يكن شيئاًً مذكورا ، فقال عمر ليتها تمت
الدر المنثور – السيوطي
It has been narrated through ‘Umar ibn Al-Khattab [radzi Allahu ‘anhu] that he heard a man reciting [the verse 76:1 of the Quran, translation of meaning:] “Verily there has come a time upon man such that he was in utter oblivion”; and ‘Umar [ibn al-Khattab] said, “If only this eventuates”
عن عبد الله بن عامر بن ربيعة قال : رأيت عمر بن الخطاب أخذ تبنة من الأرض ، فقال ليتني كنت هذه التبنة ، ليتني لم أخلق ، ليت أمي لم تلدني ، ليتني لم أك شيئاًً ، ليتني كنت نسياً منسياً
الطبقات الكبرى – إبن سعد
It has been narrated through ‘Abd-Allah bin ‘Aamir bin Rabee’ah, he said: I saw ‘Umar ibn Al-Khattab [radzi Allahu ‘anhu], he took a blade of hay from the ground, and said, “I wish I was this blade of hay! I wish I wasn’t created! I wish my mother never gave birth to me! I wish I was nothing! I wish I was obliterated!”
Sayyidina ‘Umar’s saying validates the statement of Imam Rabbani that those kafirs who NEVER heard of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ or Islam, they shall be annihilated into oblivion [according to his interpretation of the texts], as Islam is a REQUISITE to enter paradise as is openly stated in the Quran, and the place for accepting Islam is this world. (Click Here to read the letter). His statement establishes the fact that being rendered non-existent is indeed also an unimaginable mercy in itself.
Of course, there are other interpretations on this matter of people who NEVER heard of Islam, by other scholars too, which state that those disbelievers in Islam who did not hear of the Prophet or his call to worship Allah alone, shall be presented the message and tested on the Day of Judgment itself – this is an interpretation Imam Rabbani does not subscribe to, as mentioned in his letter linked above.
Of course none of the interpretations of the noble scholars contradict the Quran and Sunnah, as the Quran itself states:
وَمَا كُنَّا مُعَذِّبِينَ حَتَّىٰ نَبْعَثَ رَسُولً
Translation of meaning: And We would not punish until We send a messenger. [Holy Quran 17:15]
and the hadiith states:
وَالَّذِي نَفْسُ مُحَمَّدٍ بِيَدِهِ لَا يَسْمَعُ بِي أَحَدٌ مِنْ هَذِهِ الْأُمَّةِ يَهُودِيٌّ وَلَا نَصْرَانِيٌّ ثُمَّ يَمُوتُ وَلَمْ يُؤْمِنْ بِالَّذِي أُرْسِلْتُ بِهِ إِلَّا كَانَ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّار
By The One who owns Muhammad’s life [i.e., Allah], there isn’t anyone from this nation [i.e., the people he is sent to preach to] jew or christian who has heard about me and he dies not believing in what I have been sent with, except that he is a companion of the inferno. (Sahiih Muslim)
Please note very carefully my usage of the word “interpretation” as opposed to “opinion” which is not the right word to use here.
Going back to the quote of Imam Ghazali, my questions to this person are:
Is Imam Ghazali talking generally about ALL infidels?
Is Imam Ghazali talking only about those whom the Prophet’s name had not yet reached in his times?
Are we still living in Imam Ghazali’s times?
Has da’wah not progressed further since then?
IN OUR TIMES, are the people of distant lands of the kafir world not connected to the Muslim world through the media like internet, television, etc.?
How many people in these times have not heard of the name of our Master Rasulullah ﷺ or his ennobled qualities, and his message to worship Allah alone?
How many people in these times have heard nothing but the opposite of the noble qualities of our Master Rasulullah ﷺ since childhood, and have never heard of his true qualities?
MOST IMPORTANTLY – Based on what Imam Ghazali said in the quote above about the people who never heard about our Master Rasulullah ﷺ (or heard nothing other than the OPPOSITE of his noble attributes), how can you deduce a general, universal statement saying that ANY people outside of Islam can attain salvation?
What Imam Ghazali said is perfectly in line with the Quran and the hadith interpretations given by ALL Ahlus Sunnah scholars of Islam – that anyone who did not hear of our Master Rasulullah ﷺ or his message to worship Allah alone – he is the same as the people in the times of fatrah, and there are varying interpretations of scholars in regards to such a person who never heard of Allah’s Prophets.
A summarized tabulation of the above:
CLASS OF PEOPLE
AHLUS SUNNAH (ASH’ARI & MATURIDI)
WHAT THE CALIFORNIAN SAYS:
Those who have heard the name of our Master Rasulullah and Islam,
Such people are damned kuffaar, they shall not attain any salvation or redemption or intercession. They are everlastingly doomed to suffer in the inferno.
No scholar of the Ahlus Sunnah including the noble Imam Al-Ghazali holds a belief contrary to this as it is based on explicit and unambiguous verses of the Quran, and rigorously authenticated and mass transmitted ahadiith.
See the verse 3:85 and the hadith quoted above.
|He makes a general statement saying that there is a possibility of salvation outside of Islam and he attributes it to the noble Imam Al-Ghazali (may Allah sanctify his secret). IF he was referring to those people who have never heard of Islam or our Master Rasulullah, and die in such a state, he should state that qualification very categorically, and explain Imam Al-Ghazali’s true stance crystal clearly – or else he is only spreading misinformation that amounts to rejection of the Quran’s unambiguous verses.By making such a generalized and open-ended statement, he is very slyly lying against the Quran, Hadiith, and a legendary scholar of the Ahlus Sunnah in order to corrupt the ignorant masses’ basic belief or plant doubts in their hearts regarding it – all to please his kafir masters, thus cementing his status as a damned munaafiq.The damnation of Allah and His angels befalls the face of such a satan who ventures out to corrupt the beliefs of Muslims, notwithstanding simultaneously slandering and waging war against a noble waliyy of His! May Allah guide him to calling people towards His Tawhiid or grant this munaafiq a very painful death very soon and cleanse the earth of him. Aameen, by the tawassul of the Prophet ﷺ.|
Those who have NEVER heard the name of our Master Rasulullah or
|The Ahlus Sunnah’s Ash’ari belief is that such people have an excuse that they never got the message and that in light of the verse 17:15, they can escape hellfire.Since the outcome of such people is not mentioned unambiguously, scholars have varying interpretations in regards to such people.Imam Rabbani’s interpretation is the soundest, which states that they shall be annihilated into non-existence, and shall neither enter everlasting inferno, nor everlasting paradise as Islam is a condition for entering paradise. As proven above from our Master ‘Umar’s saying and as common sense itself dictates, being rendered non-existent and not being thrown into the everlasting inferno is a great mercy in itself.Some other scholars’ interpretations of the texts indicate that that they shall be given the da’wah of Islam on judgment day itself and those who accept shall be saved, while those who reject shall be thrown into the inferno everlastingly. This is an interpretation that Imam Rabbani says does not appeal to him, as judgment day is the time for the establishment of results rather than the field of accountability as this earth is.|
The major million dollar questions to such a so called ‘scholar of Islam’ are:
Why are you not calling people to reject false religions and accept Allah’s Tawhiid and Islam?
Why are you not working to ensure that da’wah reaches every nook and cranny of the globe?
Why are you hobnobbing with the leaders of these false religions – openly asserting that you have no intentions to alter their convictions towards Islam, no intentions to refute & negate their filthy beliefs, and no intentions to do your part in ensuring that the sales of beer and pork rinds are eradicated and Allah’s Tawhiid is accepted with salah and zakat established on the entire planet?
If you say that you’re trying to spread Islam through your supposed good manners, adab, and good character as opposed to blunt refutation & negation of their putrid & false beliefs, openly and explicitly calling towards the fragrant purity of Allah’s Tawhiid – then – we ask you:
Are your good manners, adab, akhlaq, etc. better than those of our Master Rasulullah ﷺ and our father Ibrahim ‘alaihis salam? What does the Quran say about them? Did they not explicitly and openly break idols and call people to give up worshiping idols and give up all false religions and tell them to accept Allah as their God?
Did our Master Rasulullah ﷺ not openly tell the christians to give up the repugnant, false belief of trinity and accept our Master ‘Eisa, ‘alaihis salam, as Allah’s created slave & prophet, and himself as Allah’s Last Messenger?
It is then proven beyond a shadow of doubt that the person is a liar and a fitnah-mongering munaafiq under the illusion of being a “Muslim scholar” (as are all other “scholars” like him and with him) - may Allah guide him to calling towards His Tawhiid or damn him for trying to extinguish His light by propagating blasphemies, worse yet by twisting the words of the noble imams of the Ahlus Sunnah like Al-Ghazali (may Allah sanctify his secret) and then preaching it as Islamic creed.
edit on 11 June 2014 – small translation error corrected. i missed the word “christian” from translation of Imam Ghazali’s quote.