The noble Imam of the Ahlus Sunnah, our master Imam Al-A’azdham Abi Haniifah N’umaan ibn Thaabit, states in his Al-Fiqh Al-Akbar:
وفعل الله تعالى غير مخلوق، وصفاته في الأزل غير محدَثة ولا مخلوقة، فمن قال إنها مخلوقة أو محدَثة أو وقف فيها أو شك فيها فهو كافر بالله تعالى
And Allah Ta’ala’s Action is NOT created; and His Attributes are pre-eternally eternal (i.e., with no beginning), they are NOT emergent (emergent means to have come into existence out of non-existence) and are NOT created. Then who ever says that they are created or emergent or refrains [from calling His Attributes NON-emergent and NON-created] or doubts [His Attributes being NON-emergent and NON-created], he is a kafir/disbeliever in Allah Ta’ala.
Please note that this is in regards to a person who does say that Allah exists, BUT says that His Attributes are not pre-eternally eternal or doubts His Attributes being pre-eternally eternal – such a person, according to Imam Abu Haniifah (and all scholars of the Ahlus Sunnah) is a KAFIR.
Now, let’s have a look at pascal’s wager of pure kufr. According to this Wikipedia page, these are the elements of the wager, which one must note, comes from a christian, in regards to what ever they call ‘god’:
- “God is, or He is not”
- A Game is being played… where heads or tails will turn up.
- According to reason, you can defend neither of the propositions.
- You must wager. It is not optional.
- Let us weigh the gain and the loss in wagering that God is. Let us estimate these two chances. If you gain, you gain all; if you lose, you lose nothing.
- Wager, then, without hesitation that He is. (…) There is here an infinity of an infinitely happy life to gain, a chance of gain against a finite number of chances of loss, and what you stake is finite. And so our proposition is of infinite force, when there is the finite to stake in a game where there are equal risks of gain and of loss, and the infinite to gain.
Recently some zanaadiq* have started propagating this same wager, only in the context of Islamic beliefs, in an effort to sound intellectual and important. What they have done in the process, is establish firmly their status as zanaadiq and intellectual dwarfs.
The wager exactly as stated, if presented in the context regarding Islamic beliefs, basically says that one must believe in ‘Allah’ only because it is the safer option, for IF ‘Allah’ exists, one won’t lose, and if He doesn’t exist, one wouldn’t have lost anything, and this is pure kufr and apostasy from Islam, we seek Allah’s refuge from such.
The ‘wager’ applied on Muslim beliefs, stands on 2 major false premises:
1) The first false premise is that Allah’s existence cannot be defended or proven. This entire dictum stands on the false premise that Allah’s existence can’t be proven. No Muslim, Sunni or deviant, believes such a premise to be valid by any stretch. Indeed there are many evidences and proofs that lead us and our human reason to Him.
Indeed, Allah’s existence is intrinsically necessary, that is, His not being is an absolute impossibility. The whole ‘wager’ rests on the idiotic premise that Allah’s existence is a doubtful matter that can’t be proven.
2) The second false premise is the fact that wager and belief are a mutual contradiction.
A ‘wager’ is defined as something staked on an uncertain outcome.
A ‘belief’ is defined as complete acceptance of and the conviction in being the truth and validity, of something.
Certainty and uncertainty are two opposites, and two opposites can’t hold simultaneously.
A person places his bank card in an ATM machine to withdraw some money from his account, because he is CERTAIN he has money in the bank – while a person plays the lotto being UNCERTAIN of obtaining any money from the game.
The words ‘wager’ and ‘belief’ are mutually contradictory.
A ‘belief’ simply can’t be ‘wagered’, as is mentioned in point 6 of pascal’s wager.
If by ‘wager’ in this line “Wager, then, without hesitation that He is.” it is referring to a mere utterance of the tongue to say that Allah exists, then, we all know, what holding disbelief in the heart and showing Islam on the outward, is called in Islam, don’t we? It is called hypocrisy [in religion].
BELIEF and IF don’t go together in Islam. There are no IF’s in matters of BELIEF.
Coming back to what is stated in Al-Fiqh Al-Akbar, even if someone does say that Allah exists, but yet he doubts Allah’s Attributes as being pre-eternally eternal with no beginning – even such a person is kafir by ijma’ of the scholars.
What then can we say to the people who propagate pascal’s wager which calls to doubt the existence of Allah in itself? Indeed this is a lower kufr than the former one and the person is a lower kafir than the former.
Such people need to denounce such blatant apostasy and enter/re-enter Islam – WITH firm conviction. If they think that they can fool Allah by doubting His existence and pretending to be Muslim only on the outside, they should know that they are ruled as kafirs by Islam, and an everlasting hellfire awaits them.
if someone did come to believe in God that way, then it could lead them to a more purer intention later.
What this person means to say is that if someone came to believe in Allah through the pascal’s wager, he could have a ‘firm conviction and belief’ in Him later on, which he words as ‘purer intention’.
One should note that it is really not rocket science, that who ever converts to Islam from kufr – well, he comes to Islam from kufr.
The inherent fallacy here is that this person thinks that there is a correlation between the two states or that one state can/will lead to the other. He doesn’t know that the two states are independent of each other – it is Allah Who guides and changes hearts.
If this idiot’s argument, that a person can develop firm and certain belief if he started off with pascal’s wager, is to be accepted, then one might as well propagate any other vice or kufr too, for lot of people have come to Islam after following a path of vice and kufr.
We might as well propagate biting people’s ears off and going to prison for rape! Some people have come to Islam while doing time in prison for those crimes in a state of kufr. What was the intention in Sayyidina ‘Umar’s, radzi Allahu ‘anhu, heart before he became Muslim?
A person ‘could’ come to Islam (firm belief in Allah and His Messenger) from just about anything.
The second and a more subtle inherent fallacy that lies in comments like this is the assumption that we convert people to Islam and since it is something in our hands, just about any means will justify the end (of conversion), which in itself is an uncertainty. Our job is to inform only, and uncompromisingly so, stating the truth of Islam as it stands. Allah alone is The One who changes hearts. abu talib witnessed the Prophet ﷺ in person, yet he did not accept Islam.
There is NO SUCH THING as d’awah by calling to kufr!
We thank Allah for the blessing of Islam and the blessing of ‘aql.
* A zindiiq is a person who only thinks he is a Muslim and claims to be a Muslim, but in reality holds beliefs of pure kufr and is a kafir. In fiqh, he enjoys the same status as a munaafiq in religion (a hypocrite who knowingly is a kafir, but pretends to be a Muslim on the outside only to deceive Muslims and hurt Islam). zanaadiq (plural of zindiiq) are known to adamantly and obstinately defend and propagate their beliefs of kufr and seize every opportunity to oppose and show antagonism to well established principles of Islam based on the Quran, hadiith and ijma’ of Muslim scholars; and the fuqahaa state that zanaadiq are the absolute worst forms of kafirs, just like the munaafiqiin, for both these people claim Islam but their role is that of the enemy within. May Allah destroy them. Aameen.