Imam Al-Ghazali says: christians and jews (ahl al-kitab / people of the book) are kafirs

16 Dec

As-Salamu ‘Alaikum

I have seen a few search engine queries with the terms “are christians kafirs”, “are jews kafirs”, “are ahl al-kitab” kafirs” and “are people of the book kafirs”. It is an indication to the sad levels of knowledge and beliefs that people profess in these times. There are plenty of quotes on this topic from the Quran, words of scholars, tafaasiir, ahaadiith and so on. In any case, I also thought of putting it here under an explicit post heading and explicit words of scholars. I chose Imam Ghazali again because the enemies of Islam only use his name to spread misinformation.

Like ALL the scholars of Islam: Imam Ghazali says christians and jews (ahl al-kitab) are kafirs, in his Faysal al-Tafriqa bayn al-Islam wa-l-zandaqa:

الكفر: هو تكذيب الرسول، عليه الصلاة والسلام، في شيء مما جاء به.

 والإيمان: تصديقه في جميع ما جاء به.

 فاليهودي والنصراني: كافران ؛ لتكذيبهما للرسول عليه الصلاة والسلام.

kufr: it is denial of the Messenger [Muhammad ], on him be exaltations and peace, in anything that came with him.

And Iman (faith): [acknowledging &] ascertaining the truth [i.e., wholeheartedly believing] in all that came with him.

Then the jew and the christian: [they’re] both kafirs, because of their denial of the Messenger [Muhammad ], on him be exaltations and peace.


Additionally, someone who does not call christians and jews kafirs, is himself a kafir – according to the consensus of the scholars of the ummah, as the scholars’ quotes stated in this previous post (click to read).

To reproduce the quote from Qadi ‘Ayyad’s Al-Shifa, where he quotes the erudite Ash’ari scholar Imam Abu Bakr Al-Baqillani: 

الاجماع علی کفر من لم يكفراحدا من النصاری واليهود و کل من فارق دين المسليمن او وقف فی تکفير ھم او شک ، قال القاضی ابو بکر لا ن التوقيف والا جماع اتفقاعلی کفرھم فمن وقف فی ذٰلک فقد کذب النص و التوقيف اوشک فيه، والتکذيب والشک فيه لا يقع الامن کافر

الشفا ء بتعریف حقوق المصطفٰی  297/2

There is consensus on the disbelief of the one who does not state disbeliever anyone from the christians or jews and all those who are aloof from the religion of Muslims, or refrains from doing takfir of them (doing takfir is calling someone kafir) or doubts their being kafir. The Qadzi Abu Bakr Al-Baqillani said [it is] because explicit primary texts (Quranic verses & ahadith) and the consensus of the ummah (i.e., the sahaba and the scholars) are unanimous on their kufr. Therefore, he who refrains from calling them kafir, is denying the explicit primary texts and consensus, or doubting them. And such denial and/or doubt can only be expressed by a kafir. (Ash-Shifa of Qaadzi ‘Ayyadz)

ALL Sunni scholars of ALL madhhabs – Hanafi, Shafi’iy, Hanbali & Maliki – call christians and jews (ahl al-kitab) kafirs.

More on this topic shall follow in due time, bi-idhnillah.

And Allah alone grants success.



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4 responses to “Imam Al-Ghazali says: christians and jews (ahl al-kitab / people of the book) are kafirs

  1. Greenbird

    July 13, 2012 at 6:25 am

    As salamu ‘alaykum,

    What are the sources (page numbers) for Imam Ghazali’s statement and Imam Nawawi’s statement found?

    Jazak’Allaahu Khairan

  2. Sbi Nathan

    March 2, 2015 at 12:26 am

    Why is it you have no sepreation between the two religions when they have a clear split. We (Yehudim) consider Nusranim to be Kaffir b’ Ikar. Meaning the do Aboduh Zorah (idol worship)…

    • 'Abd-Allah al-Mujaddidi al-Naqshbandi

      March 5, 2015 at 1:08 am

      The separation between the different groups of non-Muslims is only superficial.

      As far as we Muslims are concerned, faith in Allah is tied to BOTH parts of the declaration of faith – THAT there is NO god except Allah AND THAT our Master Muhammad ﷺ is His messenger.

      To be considered a believer in Allah one HAS TO accept and acknowledge NOT JUST His Tawhiid BUT ALSO the messengerhood of His prophets and messengers, the last of whom is our Master Muhammad ﷺ.

      Rejection of even one prophet of Allah is rejection of His Tawhiid, since prophets are Allah’s vice-regents on this earth.

      Acceptance of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and all that he brought with him is de facto and de jure acceptance of Tawhiid of Allah as well as all of His previous prophets and messengers.

      You jews do not accept all the messengers and prophets of Allah due to your rejection of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ (acceptance of whom would also be acceptance of the preceding prophet Jesus as the Messiah), and therefore you do not accept and acknowledge Allah.

      The christians are the same like you in their rejection of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and therefore Tawhiid of Allah, plus they have also gone further in disbelief by engaging in human worship and idol worship.

      See this article for further details –

      I invite you to reject your disbelief in Allah, and accept belief in Him by accepting the messengerhood of His last & final and most esteemed Prophet, our Master Muhammad ﷺ and save your hereafter.

      If you truly have any place for Abraham, peace be upon him, in your heart and are aware of his complete and utter submission and humility before His Creator, Allah, you will follow in his example and accept whatever Allah has commanded you to accept.


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