A very popular utterance by many confused idiots / jaahils / munaafiqiin / zanaadiq:
” Not all nonMuslims can be called kuffaar. “
1 – Bring forward the SHARI’AH’s definition (not linguistic definition from dictionary) of ‘kafir’ from Quran, Hadiith, and the sayings of sahaba and MUJTAHID scholars of Islam. In other words – WHO – do the Quran, Hadiith, and the sayings of sahaba and MUJTAHID scholars of Islam – call as ‘kafir’?
2 – Islamic knowledge is based in Arabic. Bring forward the ARABIC Shari’ah term for all these people who are “nonMuslim but not kafir” from the Quran, Hadiith, and the sayings of sahaba and MUJTAHID scholars of Islam.
3 – Bring forward the SHARIAH’s definition (once again, not a linguistic one) for whatever Arabic word you answer in regards to question 2 – from the Quran, Hadiith, and the sayings of the sahaba and mujtahid scholars of Islam. In other words – WHO – do the Quran, Hadiith, and the sayings of sahaba and MUJTAHID scholars of Islam – call as [your Arabic word based on SHARI’AH TERMINOLOGY for ‘nonMuslim but not kafir’]?
4 – Finally, bring forward the SHARI’AH’s definition for who or what is a “believer” – from the Quran, Hadiith, and sayings of sahaba & MUJTAHID scholars.
You need to bring forward the original quote, name of the book, name of author and page number. A scan would be much appreciated. In case of Quranic verses and ahaadiith, YOUR & CONTEMPORARY scholars’ explanations & commentary DO NOT COUNT. You need to bring forward the verse/hadiith IN ARABIC, with the English translation, AND the ARABIC explanations and commentary from SAHABA & MUJTAHID SCHOLARS, with English translations, and of course state the name of book, name of author, and page number.
The day someone brings a TO-THE-POINT answer to the above challenge, without avoiding the direct questions, I will take back the insult of calling such people “confused person / jaahil / munaafiq / zindiiq” and apologize on this same blog. Until then, you DESERVE one of those names FOR SURE.
Dear convert brothers and sisters, please note that the above does not apply to you as you are in the learning phase of Islam and your desire for knowledge and the right answers is nothing but PRAISEWORTHY.
In the mean time, for the sensible Muslim brothers and sisters, just as a reassurance, please see below for proofs on:
Q: Who is a kafir (infidel / disbeliever)?
A: ANYONE who does not accept our Master Rasulullah ﷺ as Allah’s last & final messenger, he is a kafir, and every kafir is promised everlasting hellfire by Allah in the Quran, lest he become Muslim before dying.
I am copying and pasting the proofs that I have stated in another page of this blog, and also linking to more posts on the same topic. It’s a sad day in Islam, when we have to clear doubts posed by resounding ignoramuses on something as basic as who is a Muslim and who is a kafir.
Rasulullah ﷺ CLEARLY stated that any jew or christian who heard of him, and yet did not believe in Islam – he will everlastingly suffer in hellfire.
وَالَّذِي نَفْسُ مُحَمَّدٍ بِيَدِهِ لَا يَسْمَعُ بِي أَحَدٌ مِنْ هَذِهِ الْأُمَّةِ يَهُودِيٌّ وَلَا نَصْرَانِيٌّ ثُمَّ يَمُوتُ وَلَمْ يُؤْمِنْ بِالَّذِي أُرْسِلْتُ بِهِ إِلَّا كَانَ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّار
By The One who owns Muhammad’s life [i.e., Allah], there isn’t anyone from this nation [i.e., the people he is sent to preach to] jew or christian who has heard about me and he dies not believing in what I have been sent with, except that he is a companion of the inferno. (Sahiih Muslim)
Imam Nawawi says in his commentary on this hadith:
وقوله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – لا يسمع بي أحد من هذه الأمة أي ممن هو موجود في زمني وبعدي إلى يوم القيامة فكلهم يجب عليه الدخول في طاعته وإنما ذكر اليهودي والنصراني تنبيها على من سواهما وذلك لأن اليهود والنصارى لهم كتاب فإذا كان هذا شأنهم مع أن لهم كتابا فغيرهم ممن لا كتاب له أولى والله أعلم
… and his ﷺ saying ‘there isn’t anyone from this nation [i.e., the people he is sent to preach to] who has heard about me’ refers to ALL people from his own times until the day of judgment, and it is imperative that they accept his following; and indeed, the mentioning of jews and christians is a warning to those other than them too, for they have a book; for if this is said in relation to them who had received books, then the others who do not even have a book [i.e., kafirs other than jews and christians] are more primarily [i.e., severely] warned; and Allah knows best. (Sharh of Sahiih Muslim by Imam An-Nawawi)
In other words, like ALL scholars of Islam, Imam Nawawi says that christians and jews are rather the beginning of kafirs, that is, despite having been given books previously, they too are kafirs, and indeed the others are only worse and severe kafirs.
See below for verses and some ahadiith.
وَمَنْ لَمْ يُؤْمِنْ بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ فَإِنَّا أَعْتَدْنَا لِلْكَافِرِينَ سَعِيرًا
Translation of meaning: And whoever does not believe in Allah and His Messenger, verily Allah has prepared for the kafirs a fire. [Holy Quran 48:13]
This verse ALONE is enough to establish directly from the Quran that whoever does not accept Allah’s Messenger, Muhammad, sal Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, is a kafir.
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَكْفُرُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَرُسُلِهِ وَيُرِيدُونَ أَن يُفَرِّقُوا بَيْنَ اللَّهِ وَرُسُلِهِ وَيَقُولُونَ نُؤْمِنُ بِبَعْضٍ وَنَكْفُرُ بِبَعْضٍ وَيُرِيدُونَ أَن يَتَّخِذُوا بَيْنَ ذَٰلِكَ سَبِيلًا
أُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْكَافِرُونَ حَقًّا ۚ وَأَعْتَدْنَا لِلْكَافِرِينَ عَذَابًا مُّهِينًا
وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَرُسُلِهِ وَلَمْ يُفَرِّقُوا بَيْنَ أَحَدٍ مِّنْهُمْ أُولَٰئِكَ سَوْفَ يُؤْتِيهِمْ أُجُورَهُمْ ۗ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَّحِيمًا
Translation of meaning: Indeed, those who deny (i.e., commit kufr) Allah and His Messengers, and those who wish to separate Allah from His Messengers [i.e., those who claim to have belief in Allah but not in His Messengers] saying “we believe in some but we reject others”* and those who seek to establish a common ground between iman (faith) and kufr (disbelief) – they are patently kafirs**; and We have prepared for the kafirs a humiliating, painful punishment. And those who believe in Allah and His Messengers, and do not distinguish between any of the Messengers, they shall be given their due rewards, and Allah is the Most Forgiving Most Merciful. [Holy Quran 4:150-152]
* This verse is revealed in relation to jews and christians. the jews claim to believe in Abraham, Moses, and other prophets, but rejected ‘Jesus and our Master Muhammad, while the followers of Jesus claimed to believe in him but rejected Prophet Muhammad. salawatullahi ‘alal ambiyaai wal mursaleen.
** This means that rejection in even one single prophet is rejection of all of them. It also means that those who seek to establish a common ground between Islam and kufr are also kafirs and simply not Muslims.
إِنَّ الدِّينَ عِندَ اللَّهِ الْإِسْلَامُ ۗ وَمَا اخْتَلَفَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ إِلَّا مِن بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَهُمُ الْعِلْمُ بَغْيًا بَيْنَهُمْ ۗ وَمَن يَكْفُرْ بِآيَاتِ اللَّهِ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ سَرِيعُ الْحِسَابِ
فَإِنْ حَاجُّوكَ فَقُلْ أَسْلَمْتُ وَجْهِيَ لِلَّهِ وَمَنِ اتَّبَعَنِ ۗ وَقُل لِّلَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ وَالْأُمِّيِّينَ أَأَسْلَمْتُمْ ۚ فَإِنْ أَسْلَمُوا فَقَدِ اهْتَدَوا ۖ وَّإِن تَوَلَّوْا فَإِنَّمَا عَلَيْكَ الْبَلَاغُ ۗ وَاللَّهُ بَصِيرٌ بِالْعِبَادِ
Translation of meaning: THE ONLY religion acceptable to Allah is Islam; and the people of the book (jews and christians)* should not dissent therefrom due to envy, after receiving knowledge**; and who ever disbelieves (commits kufr) in the signs of Allah, then indeed Allah will swiftly call them to account – And then if they argue with you [o beloved Prophet], then tell them: “I bow my head in Allah’s court” and say [o beloved Messenger] unto the people of the book and the unlettered ones***: “Do you too submit [by bowing your necks in Allah’s court]?” Then if they submit [by bowing their necks in Allah”s court, following you], they have achieved guidance; and if they turn [their faces] away, then your duty is only to propagate [the message], and Allah sees His slaves. [Holy Quran 3:19-20]
* This verse was revealed due to the jews and christians disputing the Messenger-hood of our Master Rasulullah.
** Indeed they have witnessed descriptions and prophecies in their own books regarding our Master Rasulullah, and had recognized our Master Rasulullah as being Allah’s Messenger who was prophesied in their own books. The reason for their dispute was envy and love of worldly riches and fame.
*** the unlettered ones here refers to the other Arabs who were not jews and christians.
وَمَن يَبْتَغِ غَيْرَ الإِسْلاَمِ دِينًا فَلَن يُقْبَلَ مِنْهُ وَهُوَ فِي الآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ
Translation of meaning: And who ever seeks a religion other than Islam, it shall NEVER be accepted from him, and he shall be of those who are doomed in the hereafter. [Holy Quran 3:85]
فَإِنْ آمَنُواْ بِمِثْلِ مَا آمَنتُم بِهِ فَقَدِ اهْتَدَواْ وَّإِن تَوَلَّوْاْ فَإِنَّمَا هُمْ فِي شِقَاقٍ فَسَيَكْفِيكَهُمُ اللّهُ وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ
Translation of meaning: Then if they believe as you believe, they would have attained guidance; and if they turn back, then they are in pure schism; then [o beloved Prophet] Allah shall suffice you against them, and He is All-Hearing All-Knowing. [Holy Quran 2:137]
قُلْ يَا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ لَسْتُمْ عَلَى شَيْءٍ حَتَّىَ تُقِيمُواْ التَّوْرَاةَ وَالإِنجِيلَ وَمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكُم مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ وَلَيَزِيدَنَّ كَثِيرًا مِّنْهُم مَّا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ مِن رَّبِّكَ طُغْيَانًا وَكُفْرًا فَلاَ تَأْسَ عَلَى الْقَوْمِ الْكَافِرِينَ
Translation of meaning: Say [o beloved Prophet]: O people of the book! “You are upon nothing unless you establish the Torah and the Injeel and ALL the revelation that has come to you from your Lord”* ; and indeed it is the revelation that has come to you from your Lord [o Messenger] that increases in most of them in mischievous obstinacy and kufr; but you do not worry [o beloved Messenger] over this nation of kafirs. [Holy Quran 5:68]
* “ALL the revelation that has come to you from your Lord” refers to the Holy Quran. ALL the previous books contain prophesies regarding Prophet Muhammad and his noble description, peace be upon him, and command their followers to declare belief in him when he appears. Therefore, there can NEVER be true following of the Torah or the Injeel unless and until one accepts Prophet Muhammad and all that he brought with him.
الَّذِينَ يَتَّبِعُونَ الرَّسُولَ النَّبِيَّ الأُمِّيَّ الَّذِي يَجِدُونَهُ مَكْتُوبًا عِندَهُمْ فِي التَّوْرَاةِ وَالإِنْجِيلِ يَأْمُرُهُم بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَاهُمْ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ وَيُحِلُّ لَهُمُ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَيُحَرِّمُ عَلَيْهِمُ الْخَبَآئِثَ وَيَضَعُ عَنْهُمْ إِصْرَهُمْ وَالأَغْلاَلَ الَّتِي كَانَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ فَالَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ بِهِ وَعَزَّرُوهُ وَنَصَرُوهُ وَاتَّبَعُواْ النُّورَ الَّذِيَ أُنزِلَ مَعَهُ أُوْلَـئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ
Translation of meaning:Those who follow the Messenger, the unlettered prophet, whom they find prophesied in the Torah and the Injeel [that] he [shall] command them to what is just and forbid them what is evil, and [he shall] make permissible on them what is pure and prohibit on them what is impure and [he shall] remove their burdens and the yokes upon them*. Then those who declare faith in him [being a Messenger] and honor him and help him and follow the light that has come with him**, are the ones who have attained victory. [Holy Quran 7:157]
* they had some strict commands that were difficult for them follow
** the light that has come with him refers to the Holy Quran, as per the exegetes explanations.
مُّحَمَّدٌ رَّسُولُ اللَّهِ وَالَّذِينَ مَعَهُ أَشِدَّاء عَلَى الْكُفَّارِ رُحَمَاء بَيْنَهُمْ تَرَاهُمْ رُكَّعًا سُجَّدًا يَبْتَغُونَ فَضْلًا مِّنَ اللَّهِ وَرِضْوَانًا سِيمَاهُمْ فِي وُجُوهِهِم مِّنْ أَثَرِ السُّجُودِ ذَلِكَ مَثَلُهُمْ فِي التَّوْرَاةِ وَمَثَلُهُمْ فِي الْإِنجِيلِ كَزَرْعٍ أَخْرَجَ شَطْأَهُ فَآزَرَهُ فَاسْتَغْلَظَ فَاسْتَوَى عَلَى سُوقِهِ يُعْجِبُ الزُّرَّاعَ لِيَغِيظَ بِهِمُ الْكُفَّارَ وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ مِنْهُم مَّغْفِرَةً وَأَجْرًا عَظِيمًا
Translation of meaning: Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and those who are with him, are hard against kuffaar, [but] compassionate amongst each other. Thou wilt see them bow and prostrate themselves (in prayer), seeking Grace from Allah and (His) rida. On their faces are their marks, (being) the traces of their prostration. This is their similitude in the Torah; and their similitude in the Injil: like a seed which sends forth its blade, then makes it strong; it then becomes thick, and it stands on its own stem, (filling) the sowers with wonder and delight. As a result, it fills the kuffaar with rage at them. Allah has promised those among them who believe and do righteous deeds forgiveness, and a great reward.[Holy Quran 48:29]
وَإِذْ قَالَ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ يَا بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ إِنِّي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ إِلَيْكُم مُّصَدِّقًا لِّمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيَّ مِنَ التَّوْرَاةِ وَمُبَشِّرًا بِرَسُولٍ يَأْتِي مِن بَعْدِي اسْمُهُ أَحْمَدُ فَلَمَّا جَاءهُم بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ قَالُوا هَذَا سِحْرٌ مُّبِينٌ
Translation of meaning: And when Jesus, the son of Mary, said, “o children of israel! I am Allah’s Messenger unto you, attesting the Torah before me, giving glad tidings of the prophet to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmad.” And then when he [the prophet Ahmad, i.e., Muhammad] came to them with clear signs, they said, “this is open sorcery.” [Holy Quran 61:6]
قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنِّي رَسُولُ اللّهِ إِلَيْكُمْ جَمِيعًا الَّذِي لَهُ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ لا إِلَـهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ يُحْيِـي وَيُمِيتُ فَآمِنُواْ بِاللّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ النَّبِيِّ الأُمِّيِّ الَّذِي يُؤْمِنُ بِاللّهِ وَكَلِمَاتِهِ وَاتَّبِعُوهُ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَهْتَدُونَ
Translation of meaning: Say [o beloved Messenger]: “O people! I am Allah’s Messenger to ALL of you; it is Him to whom belongs the kingdoms of the heavens ad the earth, there is no god EXCEPT HIM, he grants life and death. Then declare belief in Allah and His Messenger, the unlettered prophet, who believes in Allah and His commands- and follow him (the Messenger, the unlettered prophet) so that you may achieve guidance. [Holy Quran 7:158]
الَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ يَعْرِفُونَهُ كَمَا يَعْرِفُونَ أَبْنَاءهُمْ وَإِنَّ فَرِيقاً مِّنْهُمْ لَيَكْتُمُونَ الْحَقَّ وَهُمْ يَعْلَمُونَ
Translation of meaning: Those who have been given the book*, recognize him [the last Messenger] as they recognize their sons, and indeed, there is a group amongst them that knowingly conceals the truth. [Holy Quran 2:146]
* refers to the people of the book and their elders.
وَلَمَّا جَاءهُمْ كِتَابٌ مِّنْ عِندِ اللّهِ مُصَدِّقٌ لِّمَا مَعَهُمْ وَكَانُواْ مِن قَبْلُ يَسْتَفْتِحُونَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ فَلَمَّا جَاءهُم مَّا عَرَفُواْ كَفَرُواْ بِهِ فَلَعْنَةُ اللَّه عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ
Translation of meaning: And when a book comes to them from Allah (i.e., the Quran) that confirms that which exists in their own book* (i.e., the Torah), and previously [by the virtue of the prophet to arrive] they had prayed** for victory against the disbelievers [of the previous scriptures]; and when [that prophet] known to them [by their scriptures] reached them, they disbelieved*** in him (i.e., committed kufr); then Allah’s curse be on the kafirs. [Holy Quran 2:89]
* This verse is in relation to jews. “That which exists in their own books” refers to the descriptions of the qualities and prophesies in the Torah regarding our Master Rasulullah ﷺ. (Khazin)
** Before our Master Rasulullah ﷺ arrived, these same people, the jews, used to pray to Allah to grant them victory against the disbelievers [in Seyyidina Musa and the Torah] by virtue of the noble prophet yet to arrive, i.e., our Master Rasulullah, since he has been abundantly prophesied in their scriptures in their uncorrupted form.
*** this disbelief was due to envy towards our Master Rasulullah ﷺ and love of worldly wealth and status.
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ وَالْمُشْرِكِينَ فِي نَارِ جَهَنَّمَ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أُوْلَئِكَ هُمْ شَرُّ الْبَرِيَّةِ
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ أُوْلَئِكَ هُمْ خَيْرُ الْبَرِيَّةِ
Translation of meaning: Indeed those who disbelieve* from the people of the book, and the polytheists/pagans, they shall be in the fire of hell, therein to abide for ever; they are the worst of creation. Indeed, those who believe and do righteous deeds, they are the best of creatures. [Holy Quran 98:6-7]
* As is established by the verses above, that disbelief is to disbelieve in ANY Messenger of Allah. Anyone who disbelieves in the Prophethood of our Master Rasulullah, is a kafir – be he a jew or a christian or anyone.
يَا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ لِمَ تَكْفُرُونَ بِآيَاتِ اللّهِ وَأَنتُمْ تَشْهَدُونَ
Translation of meaning: O people of the book! Why do you disbelieve in the verses of Allah even though you are witnesses yourselves*. [Holy Quran 3:70]
* and your books contain the praise and description of the Prophet [Muhammad ﷺ] and you know that he is a truthful prophet and the religion he teaches is the truth.
قُلْ يَا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ لِمَ تَكْفُرُونَ بِآيَاتِ اللّهِ وَاللّهُ شَهِيدٌ عَلَى مَا تَعْمَلُونَ
Translation of meaning: You say: O people of the book! Why do you disbelieve in the verses of Allah*? And all that you do is known to Allah. [Holy Quran 3:98]
* that testify to the truthfulness of the Prophet [Muhammad ﷺ]
وَقَالُوا كُونُوا هُودًا أَوْ نَصَارَىٰ تَهْتَدُوا ۗ قُلْ بَلْ مِلَّةَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَنِيفًا ۖ وَمَا كَانَ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ
Translation of meaning: And they [people of the book] say ‘be jew or Christian and you shall attain guidance’. You say, ‘Rather we adopt the ways of Ibrahiim, who was bereft of all falsehood and he was not from the pagans’* [Holy Quran 2:135]
* This contains a rebuking on the jews and christians that you are pagans/kafirs and so your claims of following the ways of Ibrahiim, peace be upon him, are void, and after that Muslims were addressed to tell the jews and christians [as stated in verse 2:136]
17) Rasulullah ﷺ cursed jews and christians:
لَعْنَةُ اللَّهِ عَلَى الْيَهُودِ وَالنَّصَارَى اتَّخَذُوا قُبُورَ أَنْبِيَائِهِمْ مَسَاجِدَ
Allah’s curse be on the jews and christians, they took the graves of their prophets as places of prostration (Sunan An-Nisaaiy)
18) Rasulullah ﷺ expressed disdain towards jews and christians:
مَنْ لَمْ يَمْنَعْهُ عَنْ الْحَجِّ حَاجَةٌ ظَاهِرَةٌ ، أَوْ سُلْطَانٌ جَائِرٌ ، أَوْ مَرَضٌ حَابِسٌ ، فَمَاتَ وَلَمْ يَحُجَّ ، فَلْيَمُتْ إِنْ شَاءَ يَهُودِيًّا ، وَإِنْ شَاءَ نَصْرَانِيًّا
The one who is not deterred by a genuine need, or an unjust ruler, or a disabling illness, and he is dying without performing the Hajj, then he may die a jew if he wishes, or if he wishes a christian. (Sunan Daarimi)
This alone is an excellent indication that jews and christians are NOT accepted in Allah’s court. The enemies of Islam pretending to be Muslim scholars cannot play with rhetoric here twisting the context like they do at other instances saying “oh, but that’s only in case of war” or “but that is only said in regards to some rabbis” and so on. This hadiith VERY CLEARLY just expresses Rasulullah’s ﷺ disdain for jews and christians in a blanket form. The context is Hajj, as is clear, and the Master ﷺ says that anyone who is capable to go for Hajj and doesn’t, then he might as well die a jew or a christian and expresses dissociation from such a person. The manner of expression in the hadith expresses nothing BUT disdain and unacceptance of jews and christians.
19) Rasulullah ﷺ commanded to do the opposite of jews and Christians. Plentiful are the ahadith that state such. This is but one example.
إِنَّ الْيَهُودَ وَالنَّصَارَى لَا يَصْبُغُونَ فَخَالِفُوهُمْ
The jews and christians do not dye (their hair and beard), therefore you do the opposite of it. (Sahiih Bukhariy)
If Muslims and jews and christians are equal, why will we be commanded to not behave like them in matters exclusive to them in a multitude of ahadiith.
20) Please see the qualities of the Muslims amongst each other as stated in verse 48:29 presented above. If the jews and christians were not kafirs, would our Master Rasulullah command thus in regards to them forbidding us to honor them?
لا تبدؤا الْيَهُودَ ولا النَّصَارَى بِالسَّلَامِ فإذا لَقِيتُمْ أَحَدَهُمْ في طَرِيقٍ فَاضْطَرُّوهُ إلى أَضْيَقِهِ
Do not initiate the salam with jews and christians, and if you meet them in the street, then force them to take the narrowest path. (Sahiih Muslim)
Our Master Rasulullah’s ﷺ messengerhood abrogates ALL previous nations [that is, the nations following the laws of previous prophets and their books].
Of course the one who has NEVER heard of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ or Islam, he has an excuse with him UNTIL he hears about him ﷺ. If he worships the sun or the moon or idols or does not believe in Allah, HE TOO is a kafir/mushrik, but he is not mukallaf (accountable), UNTIL he hears about the Prophet ﷺ and Allah’s Tawhiid. See this letter by Imam Rabbani for more info on such people. Click Here
To refresh your memory and see further quotes from CLASSICAL MUJTAHID SCHOLARS of Islam, please see the below:
See what erudite Hanafi scholar Imam Abu Bakr Al-Jassas says – Click Here
See what Imam Ghazali says – Click Here
See what Qadi ‘Ayyad says here in his Ash-Shifa, regarding those who do not accept someone outside of Islam as a kafir – Click Here
Think about who jizyah would be imposed upon in these times, if ever there was an Islamic state. People’s awareness and information levels in these times are far more than the kafirs in the past times – Click Here
Read this very well and see what scholars say in regards to people of other faiths, and also notice how zanaadiq and hypocrites misrepresent the meanings of the Quran – Click Here
Read this verse and its tafsir which clearly state that christians and jews are kafirs, others only being worse, and once again see how the kafirs pretending to be Muslim scholars distort the meanings of the verses of the Quran – Click Here
Related verse & tafsiir on the same topic as above link – Click Here
Read the explanations by scholars of tafsiir here on the fact that IN MATTERS OF BELIEF ahl al-kitab, kafir, mushrik is one and the same thing. Only in matters of fiqh, marrying their dhimmi women or eating their slaughter, christians and jews have different rulings. They are called ahl al-kitab only because the Prophets that they claim to associate with, were indeed given books by Allah. – Click Here
There is an unending list of evidences from the Quran, Sunnah, words of sahaba and MUJTAHID scholars on who is a kafir and who is not. The above would more than suffice as a convincing snapshot of evidences for someone genuine who works to please Allah, as opposed to someone who wears the leash of his kafir masters on his neck.
Those satanists who seek to pplease their kafir masters and dilute the beliefs of Muslims, shall NEVER succeed and they are only buying hellfire with their own hands when they set out to make such ludicrous claims on the VERY BASICS of Islam. May Allah curse their faces.
In sha Allah in due time, EVEN more shall be come on this topic that will EXPOSE the filthy swine who pretend to be scholars of Islam in the skin of lambs (this thing is so basic, the entire literature of Islam will testify to it, yet sadly, for Muslims who only know English, these zanaadiq try their best to confuse their minds and plant doubts in their hearts, la’anahumuLlah).
And Allah Alone grants success, and there is no success except by Him.