Question 1: What is an “Abrahamic faith”?
Answer 1: The question is wrongly phrased. There are not more than one “Abrahamic faiths” for there to be “an” Abrahamic faith.
There is ONLY ONE Abrahamic faith.
So the question should be: “What is THE Abrahamic faith?”.
And THE ONLY right answer is – Islam.
Question 2: Is it right to say that Islam, christianity and judaism are called “Abrahamic faiths”?
Answer 2: It is very emphatically NOT RIGHT.
Depending on the speaker’s knowledge levels regarding what you see below and his intentions, it may even be counted as kufr.
Question 3: Why?
Answer 3: Because the Quran says:
مَا كَانَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ يَهُودِيًّا وَلَا نَصْرَانِيًّا وَلَٰكِن كَانَ حَنِيفًا مُّسْلِمًا وَمَا كَانَ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ
Translation of meaning: Abraham was neither a jew nor a christian but was a Muslim pure of all falsehood, and he was not of the mushrikiin. [Holy Quran 3:67]
Question 4: What do we learn from the above verse?
Answer 4: Other than the many other things stated by scholars of tafsiir, just by a good observation of the text of the verse, we learn:
– That the religion that Abraham, ‘ala nabiyyina wa ‘alaihis salam, followed was Islam, and this alone has been THE ONLY religion acceptable to Allah. Islam refers to istislam, that is, complete and utter surrender to Allah’s Command and Will.
– That judaism and christianity are falsehood and rubbish. This is why the Quran says “haneefam musliman” (it means: Muslim pure of all falsehood) and juxtaposes it against the religion of “jews and christians”.
– That the Quran equates jews and christians as “mushrikiin” (pagans/idolators). The aim of juxtaposition is to contrast two differing entities and place one against the other. The Quran juxtaposes “haneefan Musliman” against “christians and jews” and equates the christians and jews to “mushrikiin”. The juxtaposition is therefore between “Muslims” and “christians and jews being mushrikiin [alongside the rest of the infidels]”.
– That the jews and christians are then effectively labeled as “mushrikiin” by the Quran.
– That the ahl al-kitab (people of the book, which is just another way to say ‘jews and christians’) are then mushrikiin according to the Quran.
– That kafir and mushrik then really are synonyms based on the language of the Quran, since at other places the Quran addresses them as kafir too. The Quran clearly says that anyone who denies the prophethood of our Master Rasulullah ﷺ, he is a kafir.
وَمَن لَّمْ يُؤْمِن بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ فَإِنَّا أَعْتَدْنَا لِلْكَافِرِينَ سَعِيرًا
Translation of meaning: And he who does not declare belief in Allah AND His Messenger, then indeed We have prepared a blazing fire for kafirs. [Holy Quran 48:13]
This verse CLEARLY educates us that to be a Muslim one has to declare belief in Allah AND His Messenger, our Master Rasulullah ﷺ. There is NO SUCH THING as a Muslim who denies Allah but accepts the prophethood of our Master Rasulullah ﷺ AND THERE IS NO SUCH THING as a Muslim who accepts Allah as The One & Only God, but denies the prophethood of our Master Rasulullah ﷺ.
Question 5: How then did the phrase “Abrahamic religions” emerge and why did people start using them?
Answer 5: I don’t know, but it has been in use for quite some time (30+ years) by politically correct deviants who do not wish to upset christians and jews by calling them disbelievers. They therefore equate Islam to their false religions using the phrase “Abrahamic faiths” or “Abrahamic religions”.
It has also been used by innocent and good-intentioned but not so astute Muslim folk without thinking what it really means or erroneously thinking that the phrase could be relegated to the human person of our Master Abraham.
Question 6: Can we say that this phrase refers to the fact that all of Muslims, christians and jews consider Abraham as their religious authority, just as when we say the word “christian”, it relegates to our Master Jesus, ‘ala nabiyyina wa ‘alaihis salam?
Answer 6: Of course NOT.
The phrase “Abrahamic religion” or “Abrahamic faith” relegates to the FAITH of Abraham, NOT towards the claim of following Abraham’s teachings.
In any case, following Abraham means one has to be a Muslim.
Even when we say “christian” we are only implying that they CLAIM TO follow our Master Jesus Christ. But it DOES NOT mean that they do follow him. How could it be so?! Our Master Jesus came with the message of tawhiid and NEVER asked anyone to worship him or his mother!
If they called themselves “Abrahamist” perhaps we could use it in the same manner to say that they CLAIM TO follow Abraham.
But the phrases “Abrahamic faith” and “Abrahamic religion” are self explanatory.
A Muslim should NEVER CALL ANYONE OTHER THAN MUSLIMS as being on “Abrahamic faith” or “Abrahamic religion”!
Question 7: Can we just use it for da’wah purposes so as to facilitate them coming close to Islam?
Answer 7: This question is very ironic. The VERY THING that the Quran commands to say for da’wah purposes is to TELL THEM to follow Abraham AND TELL THEM that Abraham was neither a jew nor a christian!
The below are just SOME of the verses of the Quran regarding our Master and Father Ibrahiim, ‘ala nabiyyina wa ‘alaihis salam, that are pertinent to the topic at hand.
FIRSTLY, the Quran itself tells us to tell the christians and jews that Ibrahiim ‘alaihis salam was NOT a christian or jew, and it equates christianity and judaism to falsehood and paganism, AND it commands us to tell them to LEAVE christianity and judaism in order to follow Abraham – so it would be EXTREMELY DISRESPECTFUL to the Quran and extremely idiotic and oxymoronic to call christianity and judaism as “Abrahamic faiths” or “Abrahamic religions”.
وَقَالُوا كُونُوا هُودًا أَوْ نَصَارَىٰ تَهْتَدُوا ۗ قُلْ بَلْ مِلَّةَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَنِيفًا ۖ وَمَا كَانَ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ
Translation of meaning: And [the people of the book] say, ‘be jew or christian, you shall be guided’; you say, ‘rather [we take] the religion of Ibrahiim, pure from all falsehood, and he was not of the pagans’. [Holy Quran 2:135]
قُلْ صَدَقَ اللَّهُ ۗ فَاتَّبِعُوا مِلَّةَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَنِيفًا وَمَا كَانَ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ
Translation of meaning: You say, ‘Allah is Truthful, then follow the religion of Ibrahiim, who was pure of all falsehood and he was not of the mushrikiin (pagans)’. [Holy Quran 3:95]
SECONDLY, the Quran CLEARLY says that the religion taught by Prophet Muhammad IS in fact the same religion of Ibrahiim ‘alaihis salam, and it is pure of all paganhood and falsehood.
وَمَن يَرْغَبُ عَن مِّلَّةِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِلَّا مَن سَفِهَ نَفْسَهُ ۚ وَلَقَدِ اصْطَفَيْنَاهُ فِي الدُّنْيَا ۖ وَإِنَّهُ فِي الْآخِرَةِ لَمِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ
Translation of meaning: And who would turn his face from the religion of Ibrahiim except the one who fools his heart and indeed We chose him [Ibrahiim] in this world [and made him Prophet & Khaliil] and in the hereafter, he shall be from those enjoying Our special closeness. [Holy Quran 2:130]
يَا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ لِمَ تُحَاجُّونَ فِي إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَمَا أُنزِلَتِ التَّوْرَاةُ وَالْإِنجِيلُ إِلَّا مِن بَعْدِهِ ۚ أَفَلَا تَعْقِلُونَ
Translation of meaning: O people of the book! why do you argue about Ibrahiim when the Torah and the Injiil descended only AFTER him? Do you not have sense?[Holy Quran 3:65]
إِنَّ أَوْلَى النَّاسِ بِإِبْرَاهِيمَ لَلَّذِينَ اتَّبَعُوهُ وَهَٰذَا النَّبِيُّ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا ۗ وَاللَّهُ وَلِيُّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ
Translation of meaning: Indeed those people are the foremost deserving of Ibrahiim those who followed him, and this Prophet [Muhammad ﷺ] and the believers [i.e., those who accept the prophethood of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ] and Allah is The Protector of the believers. [Holy Quran 3:68]
وَمَنْ أَحْسَنُ دِينًا مِّمَّنْ أَسْلَمَ وَجْهَهُ لِلَّهِ وَهُوَ مُحْسِنٌ وَاتَّبَعَ مِلَّةَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَنِيفًا ۗ وَاتَّخَذَ اللَّهُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ خَلِيلًا
Translation of meaning: And whose religion is better than the one who surrenders his face to Allah and he is of piety and he follows the religion of Ibrahiim who was pure of all falsehood, and Allah took Ibrahiim for a high-ranking friend (Khaleel). [Holy Quran 4:125]
إِنَّ إِبْرَاهِيمَ كَانَ أُمَّةً قَانِتًا لِّلَّهِ حَنِيفًا وَلَمْ يَكُ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ
Translation of meaning: Indeed Ibrahiim was a [mighty] imam, obedient to Allah pure from all else, and he was not of the mushrikiin. [Holy Quran 16:120]
ثُمَّ أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ أَنِ اتَّبِعْ مِلَّةَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَنِيفًا ۖ وَمَا كَانَ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ
Translation of meaning: Then we sent revelation unto you to follow the religion of Ibrahiim, who was pure of all falsehood, and he was not of the mushrikin. [Holy Quran 16:123]
THIRDLY, it goes against the very upfront, open, honest, courageous, and manifest bravery of Abraham himself who NEVER shied from stating the truth and NEVER resorted to compromise or political correctness!!!
وَإِذْ قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ لِأَبِيهِ وَقَوْمِهِ إِنَّنِي بَرَاءٌ مِّمَّا تَعْبُدُونَ
Translation of meaning: And when Ibrahiim told his father and his people, ‘I am aloof from those that you worship’. [Holy Quran 43:26]
قَدْ كَانَتْ لَكُمْ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ فِي إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَالَّذِينَ مَعَهُ إِذْ قَالُوا لِقَوْمِهِمْ إِنَّا بُرَآءُ مِنكُمْ وَمِمَّا تَعْبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ كَفَرْنَا بِكُمْ وَبَدَا بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَكُمُ الْعَدَاوَةُ وَالْبَغْضَاءُ أَبَدًا حَتَّىٰ تُؤْمِنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَحْدَهُ إِلَّا قَوْلَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ لِأَبِيهِ لَأَسْتَغْفِرَنَّ لَكَ وَمَا أَمْلِكُ لَكَ مِنَ اللَّهِ مِن شَيْءٍ ۖ رَّبَّنَا عَلَيْكَ تَوَكَّلْنَا وَإِلَيْكَ أَنَبْنَا وَإِلَيْكَ الْمَصِيرُ
Translation of meaning: Indeed, there was an excellent role model for you in Ibrahiim and those with him; when they told their people, ‘we are aloof from you and those that you worship other than Allah, we deny you, and an enmity and a grudge has appeared between us and you, for ever, until you believe in Allah, The One & Only’, except the saying of Ibrahiim to his father *, ‘verily I shall seek forgiveness for you and in front of Allah I am not the owner of any benefit to you; Our Lord in You we trust, and to You we turn, and to You shall we return.’ [Holy Quran 60:4]
* This part should not be followed since it was on the basis of a promise and when Ibrahiim ‘alaihis salam was convinced that he is adamant on kufr, he disavowed from him. Therefore, it is not allowed for anyone to pray for the forgiveness of his kafir relatives.
Please observe the above verses very well dear brothers and sisters and think just how ANTI-Abrahamic would it be for us to use his name in da’wah and GO AGAINST THE VERY SPIRIT OF ABRAHAMIC DA’WAH by resorting to compromising phrases and political correctness?!
If you know of a greater irony than this, please do inform me – to use Abraham’s name, the name of Allah’s Khaliil who NEVER compromised and resorted to political correctness on iman EVEN WHEN he did his da’wah, for the very purpose of political correctness and compromise!
Hope the message is clear in sha Allah.
Question 8: Is it kufr to use the phrases “Abrahamic religions” or “Abrahamic faiths” for judaism or christianity?
Answer 8: For someone who knows what the Quran says as stated in above verses and analyses, yes it is kufr.
For someone who is unaware of the details of what the Quran says about our Master Ibrahiim, ‘ala nabiyyina wa ‘alaihis salam, and/or is linguistically mistaken and thinks that it implies that these people claim to follow Abraham, it is not kufr, but a terrible mistake as long as the matter is not clear to him. See answer 6 above. If & when the matter becomes clear to him, using these phrases “Abrahamic faiths” and “Abrahamic religions” for christianity and judaism will be kufr.
And there is no success except by the granting of The One & Only God of Abraham and Moses and Jesus and all previous prophets ‘alaihimus salam, Who is the God of our Master Muhammad ﷺ His last Messenger, Who is your God, and my God, and God of ALL creation – Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala.