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What DID Imam Ghazali say?

18 May

Part 2 of 2 – On those kuffaar/mushrikiin who NEVER received the da’wah and message of Islam and/or heard of Rasulullah ﷺ

As-Salamu ‘Alaikum

A californian contended that Imam Ghazali was of the opinion that people outside of Islam can possibly attain salvation, and that he adheres to it.

Firstly dear Muslims – ‘Aqaid are NEVER based on the opinions of scholars or anyone, but rather based on unambiguous verses of the Quran and the Holy Prophet ﷺ. It is a crime against the noble Imam Al-Ghazali to suggest that he happened to have an “opinion” on a creedal matter, more so on a matter upon which the Quran says very clearly and unambiguously:

وَمَن يَبْتَغِ غَيْرَ الإِسْلاَمِ دِينًا فَلَن يُقْبَلَ مِنْهُ وَهُوَ فِي الآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ

Translation of meaning: And who ever seeks a religion other than Islam, it shall NEVER be accepted from him, and he shall be of those who are doomed in the hereafter. [Holy Quran 3:85]

Secondly – Here is the quote attributed to Imam Ghazali (from his Faysal al-Tafriqa) that the californian has twisted to please his infidel brothers and sisters:

——————————————————————————————————

بل أقول: إن أكثر نصارى الروم والترك في هذا الزمان تشملهم الرحمة إن شاء الله تعالى: أعني الذين هم في أقاصي الروم والترك، ولم تبلغهم الدعوة، فإنهم ثلاثة أصناف:

 صنف: لم يبلغهم اسم محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم أصلاً، فهم معذورون.

 وصنف: بلغهم اسمه ونعته، وما ظهر عليه من المعجزات، وهم المجاورون لبلاد الإسلام، والمخالطون لهم، وهم الكفار الملحدون.

 وصنف: ثالث بين الدرجتين، بلغهم اسم محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم، ولم يبلغهم نعته وصفته، بل سمعوا أيضاً منذ الصبا أن كذاباً ملبساً اسمه محمد ادعى النبوة، كما سمع صبياننا أن كذاباً يقال له المقفع، ادعى أن الله بعثه وتحدى بالنبوة كاذباً.

 فهؤلاء عندي في معنى الصنف الأول، فإنهم مع أنهم سمعوا اسمه، سمعوا ضد أوصافه، وهذا لا يحرك داعية النظر في الطلب.

But I say: Indeed, the majority of the christian Romans and Turks of these times shall be included in the mercy in-sha-Allah. I imply the people who reside in the distant regions of Rome and Turkey, and the da’wah [of Islam] has not reached them. These people then, are of three categories:

[One] Category: Even the name “Muhammad”, sal Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, did not reach them. Then they have an excuse.

And [a second] category: His [our Master Rasulullah ] name and accolades reached them; and what was manifest upon him [] as miracles, and they live conjoined to the lands of Islam, and interact with them [i.e., Muslims]. And they are defiant infidels. 

And a category: the third one, between these two [mentioned above]; The name “Muhammad”, sal Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, reached them; but his [ﷺ] accolades and attributes did not reach them; on the contrary, since childhood they heard [none other than], ‘there is a liar by the name of Muhammad [al-‘eyadhu biLlah] who claims prophethood” – as our children have [rightly] heard about a liar called muqaffa’, he claimed that Allah sent him, and challenged people to disprove his claim to prophethood. 

These people then are in the implication [i.e., jurisdiction] of the first category of people; for even though they heard his name, they heard the opposite of his attributes, and this [misinformation] will not goad them to seek further.

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Before we go on to examine Imam Ghazali’s quote and the disgraceful butchering of it by the californian, a couple of things should be noted here:

Rahmah or mercy does not necessarily refer to paradise, but rather protection from fire alone is a great mercy. Just being annihilated is a great mercy, as proven by the sayings of our Master ‘Umar, radzi Allahu ‘anhu:

عن عمر بن الخطاب  أنه سمع رجلاًًً يقرأ : هل أتى على الإنسان حين  من الدهر لم يكن شيئاًً مذكورا ، فقال عمر ليتها تمت

الدر المنثور – السيوطي

It has been narrated through ‘Umar ibn Al-Khattab [radzi Allahu ‘anhu] that he heard a man reciting [the verse 76:1 of the Quran, translation of meaning:] “Verily there has come a time upon man such that he was in utter oblivion”; and ‘Umar [ibn al-Khattab] said, “If only this eventuates”

عن عبد الله بن عامر بن ربيعة قال : رأيت عمر بن الخطاب أخذ تبنة من الأرض ، فقال ليتني كنت هذه التبنة ، ليتني لم أخلق ، ليت أمي لم تلدني ، ليتني لم أك شيئاًً ، ليتني كنت نسياً منسياً

الطبقات الكبرى – إبن سعد

It has been narrated through ‘Abd-Allah bin ‘Aamir bin Rabee’ah, he said: I saw ‘Umar ibn Al-Khattab [radzi Allahu ‘anhu], he took a blade of hay from the ground, and said, “I wish I was this blade of hay! I wish I wasn’t created! I wish my mother never gave birth to me! I wish I was nothing! I wish I was obliterated!”

Sayyidina ‘Umar’s saying validates the statement of Imam Rabbani that those kafirs who NEVER heard of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ or Islam, they shall be annihilated into oblivion [according to his interpretation of the texts], as Islam is a REQUISITE to enter paradise as is openly stated in the Quran, and the place for accepting Islam is this world. (Click Here to read the letter). His statement establishes the fact that being rendered non-existent is indeed also an unimaginable mercy in itself.

Of course, there are other interpretations on this matter of people who NEVER heard of Islam, by other scholars too, which state that those disbelievers in Islam who did not hear of the Prophet or his call to worship Allah alone, shall be presented the message and tested on the Day of Judgment itself – this is an interpretation Imam Rabbani does not subscribe to, as mentioned in his letter linked above.

Of course none of the interpretations of the noble scholars contradict the Quran and Sunnah, as the Quran itself states:

وَمَا كُنَّا مُعَذِّبِينَ حَتَّىٰ نَبْعَثَ رَسُولً

Translation of meaning: And We would not punish until We send a messenger. [Holy Quran 17:15]

and the hadiith states:

وَالَّذِي نَفْسُ مُحَمَّدٍ بِيَدِهِ لَا يَسْمَعُ بِي أَحَدٌ مِنْ هَذِهِ الْأُمَّةِ يَهُودِيٌّ وَلَا نَصْرَانِيٌّ ثُمَّ يَمُوتُ وَلَمْ يُؤْمِنْ بِالَّذِي أُرْسِلْتُ بِهِ إِلَّا كَانَ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّار 

By The One who owns Muhammad’s life [i.e., Allah], there isn’t anyone from this nation [i.e., the people he is sent to preach to] jew or christian who has heard about me and he dies not believing in what I have been sent with, except that he is a companion of the inferno. (Sahiih Muslim)

Please note very carefully my usage of the word “interpretation” as opposed to “opinion” which is not the right word to use here.

Going back to the quote of Imam Ghazali, my questions to this person are:

Is Imam Ghazali talking generally about ALL infidels?

OR

Is Imam Ghazali talking only about those whom the Prophet’s name had not yet reached in his times?

Are we still living in Imam Ghazali’s times?

Has da’wah not progressed further since then?

IN OUR TIMES, are the people of distant lands of the kafir world not connected to the Muslim world through the media like internet, television, etc.?

How many people in these times have not heard of the name of our Master Rasulullah or his ennobled qualities, and his message to worship Allah alone?

How many people in these times have heard nothing but the opposite of the noble qualities of our Master Rasulullah  since childhood, and have never heard of his true qualities? 

MOST IMPORTANTLY – Based on what Imam Ghazali said in the quote above about the people who never heard about our Master Rasulullah ﷺ (or heard nothing other than the OPPOSITE of his noble attributes), how can you deduce a general, universal statement saying that ANY people outside of Islam can attain salvation?

What Imam Ghazali said is perfectly in line with the Quran and the hadith interpretations given by ALL Ahlus Sunnah scholars of Islam – that anyone who did not hear of our Master Rasulullah ﷺ or his message to worship Allah alone – he is the same as the people in the times of fatrah, and there are varying interpretations of scholars in regards to such a person who never heard of Allah’s Prophets.

A summarized tabulation of the above:

CLASS OF PEOPLE

AHLUS SUNNAH (ASH’ARI & MATURIDI)
BELIEF REGARDING THEM, BASED ON QURANIC VERSES AND SOUND HADIITH – IMAM
GHAZALI TOO HOLDS THIS BELIEF LIKE ALL AHLUS SUNNAH SCHOLARS

WHAT THE CALIFORNIAN SAYS:

Those who have heard the name of our Master Rasulullah and Islam,
and yet die outside of the religion of Islam –

Such people are damned kuffaar, they shall not attain any salvation or redemption or intercession. They are everlastingly doomed to suffer in the inferno.

No scholar of the Ahlus Sunnah including the noble Imam Al-Ghazali holds a belief contrary to this as it is based on explicit and unambiguous verses of the Quran, and rigorously authenticated and mass transmitted ahadiith.

See the verse 3:85 and the hadith quoted above.

 

 

He makes a general statement saying that there is a possibility of salvation outside of Islam and he attributes it to the noble Imam Al-Ghazali (may Allah sanctify his secret). IF he was referring to those people who have never heard of Islam or our Master Rasulullah, and die in such a state, he should state that qualification very categorically, and explain Imam Al-Ghazali’s true stance crystal clearly – or else he is only spreading misinformation that amounts to rejection of the Quran’s unambiguous verses.By making such a generalized and open-ended statement, he is very slyly lying against the Quran, Hadiith, and a legendary scholar of the Ahlus Sunnah in order to corrupt the ignorant masses’ basic belief or plant doubts in their hearts regarding it – all to please his kafir masters, thus cementing his status as a damned munaafiq.The damnation of Allah and His angels befalls the face of such a satan who ventures out to corrupt the beliefs of Muslims, notwithstanding simultaneously slandering and waging war against a noble waliyy of His! May Allah guide him to calling people towards His Tawhiid or grant this munaafiq a very painful death very soon and cleanse the earth of him. Aameen, by the tawassul of the Prophet ﷺ.

Those who have NEVER heard the name of our Master Rasulullah or
Islam, and die in that state –

The Ahlus Sunnah’s Ash’ari belief is that such people have an excuse that they never got the message and that in light of the verse 17:15, they can escape hellfire.Since the outcome of such people is not mentioned unambiguously, scholars have varying interpretations in regards to such people.Imam Rabbani’s interpretation is the soundest, which states that they shall be annihilated into non-existence, and shall neither enter everlasting inferno, nor everlasting paradise as Islam is a condition for entering paradise. As proven above from our Master ‘Umar’s saying and as common sense itself dictates, being rendered non-existent and not being thrown into the everlasting inferno is a great mercy in itself.Some other scholars’ interpretations of the texts indicate that that they shall be given the da’wah of Islam on judgment day itself and those who accept shall be saved, while those who reject shall be thrown into the inferno everlastingly. This is an interpretation that Imam Rabbani says does not appeal to him, as judgment day is the time for the establishment of results rather than the field of accountability as this earth is.

———————————————————————————-

The major million dollar questions to such a so called ‘scholar of Islam’ are:

Why are you not calling people to reject false religions and accept Allah’s Tawhiid and Islam?

Why are you not working to ensure that da’wah reaches every nook and cranny of the globe?

Why are you hobnobbing with the leaders of these false religions – openly asserting that you have no intentions to alter their convictions towards Islam, no intentions to refute & negate their filthy beliefs, and no intentions to do your part in ensuring that the sales of beer and pork rinds are eradicated and Allah’s Tawhiid is accepted with salah and zakat established on the entire planet?

If you say that you’re trying to spread Islam through your supposed good manners, adab, and good character as opposed to blunt refutation & negation of their putrid & false beliefs, openly and explicitly calling towards the fragrant purity of Allah’s Tawhiid – then – we ask you:

Are your good manners, adab, akhlaq, etc. better than those of our Master Rasulullah ﷺ and our father Ibrahim ‘alaihis salam? What does the Quran say about them? Did they not explicitly and openly break idols and call people to give up worshiping idols and give up all false religions and tell them to accept Allah as their God?

Did our Master Rasulullah ﷺ not openly tell the christians to give up the repugnant, false belief of trinity and accept our Master ‘Eisa, ‘alaihis salam, as Allah’s created slave & prophet, and himself as Allah’s Last Messenger?

—————————————————————————–

It is then proven beyond a shadow of doubt that the person is a liar and a fitnah-mongering munaafiq under the illusion of being a “Muslim scholar” (as are all other “scholars” like him and with him) – may Allah guide him to calling towards His Tawhiid or damn him for trying to extinguish His light by propagating blasphemies, worse yet by twisting the words of the noble imams of the Ahlus Sunnah like Al-Ghazali (may Allah sanctify his secret) and then preaching it as Islamic creed.

w-Allahu waliyy-ut-tawfeeq.

edit on 11 June 2014 – small translation error corrected. i missed the word “christian” from translation of Imam Ghazali’s quote.

 

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9 responses to “What DID Imam Ghazali say?

  1. Mustafa Ahmad Ridwi

    January 7, 2014 at 8:25 am

    With the recent controversial comments of one perennialist heretic another quote of Imam Ghazali radiyAllahu anhu was also mentioned from his work ‘Faysal alTafriqa’. The quotation in question gave the idea that Imam Ghazzali radiyAllahu anhu held the position that the commonfolk of the Christians and Jews will enter paradise.It seems that the methodology of the deviants is to find a line or paragraph in order to justify anyone of their claims. The reality is that many of the Ulama have already clarified this quote of Imam Ghazzali radiyAllahu anhu. All students of sacred knowledge should look at the work of Imam Ahmad Rida Khan rahimahahu Allah in kalam known as ‘alMustamad alMu’tamad’ the commentary on ‘alMutaqad alMuntaqad’, page 264, within the ‘khatima’ of the work. Here he clarifies the quote of Imam Ghazzali radiyAllahu anhu.

    Imam Ibn Hajar Makki rahimahu Allah says in ‘alSawaiq alMuhriqa’ that Imam Ghazzali says otherwise in his work ‘alIqtisad’.

    Imam Ibn Hajar Makki also mentions a group of people who tried tampering with this text of Imam Ghazzali out of jealousy!!!

    Allama Khafaji mentions in ‘Nasim alRiyad’ that these are false interpretations of Imam Ghazzali’s words which people are twisting. He quotes works of Imam Ghazzali like ‘alMustasfa’ and alIqtisad’.

    Thus, even what is attributed as an “Ashari position” is not the position of the Ash`aris as Shaykh Asrar rightly mentions:

    “Imam Qadi Iyadh pointed out the mistake of this position and stated that anyone who moves away from the orthodox position on the salvation of the disbelievers has left the consensus and Islam. Yet Imam Khafaji explains in his commentary on the ‘Shifa’ of Qadi Iyadh that the passage from Imam Ghazali s has been taken out of context and the Imam himself has opposed the position ascribed to him. Imam Ibn Hajr al-Makki also exonerates Imam Ghazali by stating that these passages have been tampered and at the same time forwarding Imam Ghazali’s s real position. He does this in ‘al-Swaiq al-Muhriqah’ and ‘al-I’lam bi Qawati’ al-Islam’. Imam Muhammad bin Yusuf al Sanusi also clarifies Imam Ghazzali’s position in his ‘Sharh alMuqaddimat’.”

     
  2. Mustafa Ahmad Ridwi

    May 12, 2014 at 3:34 am

    http://www.hakikatkitabevi.com/display.asp?DID=2&KID=31&SID=427
    This is where the letter of Hazrat Mujaddid Pak alaihi rahma can be found

     
  3. 'Abd-Allah al-Mujaddidi al-Naqshbandi

    May 12, 2014 at 4:17 am

    Jazak Allahu Khayraa. The English translation of the letter is linked in the post as well as below:

    https://iloveimamrabbani.wordpress.com/2011/12/25/letter-259-volume-1-book-4/

     
  4. Mansur Ali

    May 12, 2014 at 10:18 am

    Someone wrote this:
    http:[Another article]

     
    • 'Abd-Allah al-Mujaddidi al-Naqshbandi

      June 10, 2014 at 4:17 pm

      Jazak Allah khayr. Very well written as far as the topic is concerned. Sorry for removing the link for some reasons.

      As stated, we will be touching upon this topic a little more in-sha-Allah in the near future.

       
  5. Mansur Ali

    May 12, 2014 at 12:27 pm

    http:[Japanese article]

     
    • 'Abd-Allah al-Mujaddidi al-Naqshbandi

      June 10, 2014 at 4:13 pm

      Jazak Allah khayr dear brother.

      I haven’t properly read the article and assessed the message it tries to give, especially the second half.

      I shall present it to the teachers and get their opinion.

      In any case, this is a topic we shall be touching upon soon in-sha-Allah.

       
  6. Hasan

    July 24, 2016 at 6:27 pm

    A ZINDEEQ-MURTAD MUST BE DISMISSED – HE CANNOT BE A TRUSTEE OF THE MUSJID

    A Brother from the U.K. writes:

    “Here in Batley UK, we have a chairman of a Masjid who has been the chairman for many years and despite efforts will not leave his post. He has a history of speaking incorrect things over the Masjid microphone. He openly gives his own views on matters of Deen and does not respect the Ulama.

    Recently, a local MP Joe Cox who was a good human being and human rights activist, was killed and died with out Iman. The chairman has a video in which he sings a tribute for her, and then another video in which he speaks against those who say only a Muslim can go to jannah.

    Could you kindly have view and listen to these videos. There is no music. Comment on the state of Iman of this person. He is of the opinion that Joe Cox is in heaven due to her good work. Is such a person worthy of running a Masjid?

    Is he even within the fold of Islam with such views?

    (End of letter)

    THE SHARIAH’S ANSWER

    (1) This chairman/trustee of the Musjid is a zindeeq. He has lost his Imaan. Besides his acts of fisq, he is guilty of kufr. His kufr is:

    Singing a tribute in praise of the dead kaafirah.

    Criticizing those who say that only Muslims will go to Jannat.

    That the kaafirah, Joe Cox, is in Jannat on account of her humanitarian work.

    The pivot of najaat (salvation) in the Aakhirah and entry into Jannat is IMAAN, not humanitarian work, not moral excellence, and not charity. Minus IMAAN, the consequence is everlasting damnation in the Fire of Jahannam.

    It is imperative for this chairman to renew his Imaan as well as his nikah. Meanwhile, he should be dismissed from his post. It is haraam to retain as a mutawalli a zindeeq-murtad.

    Was-salaam

    17 Shawwaal 1437 – 22 July 2016

     
    • 'Abd-Allah al-Mujaddidi al-Naqshbandi

      July 25, 2016 at 3:42 am

      Ma sha Allah. It is great to see that there are scholars who will publicly speak out against such apostates. I do not know about the mentioned place or the person being spoken about, but if the mentioned points are true, the described person is indeed a filthy apostate and worthy of Allah’s la’anah, and the answering shaykh is 100% truthful and correct in calling him an apostate in line with the teachings of the Shari’ah. May Allah reward the shaykh and damn the apostate who thinks kafirs can go to Jannah based on ‘humanitarian work’.

      Iman, kufr, and salvation pertain to belief in Allah and acceptance of His Prophet our Master RasulAllah ﷺ as Allah’s Last & Final Prophet.

      I mentioned about that point here in regard to that filthy munafiq kafir who runs a liberal arts college in california – https://iloveimamrabbani.wordpress.com/2016/05/19/debunking-a-fallacy-spread-by-the-hypocrite-from-california/

      It is really pathetic when people like the zindeeq mentioned, want to push people into the heaven they don’t believe in.

      joe cox herself did not believe in Islam or any of its precepts like Jannah and Jahannum. So why is this monkey so insistent to state that she will go to the heaven she herself never believed in? It is then clear that the man is a filthy kafir whose only aim is to please people with the idiocy of diplomacy, with utter and complete disregard for faith. We pray to Allah to cleanse the world of this filthy apostate.

       

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