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Verse 8:55 – Who are the disbelievers and what does the Quran call them?

26 Dec

As-Salamu ‘Alaikum

This is verse 55 of Surah Al-Anfaal:

إِنَّ شَرَّ الدَّوَابِّ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا فَهُمْ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ

Translation of meaning: Verily, the vilest of beasts in front of Allah are those who commit kufr, and they do not believe. (Holy Quran 8:55)

Shaykh Al-Mufassiroon Imam Abu Ja’far Al-Tabari says in his tafsiir:

القول في تأويل قوله: {إِنَّ شَرَّ الدَّوَابِّ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا فَهُمْ لا يُؤْمِنُونَ (55) }اية
قال أبو جعفر: يقول تعالى ذكره: إن شر ما دبّ على الأرض عند الله، الذين كفروا بربهم، فجحدوا وحدانيته، وعبدوا غيره = (فهم لا يؤمنون) ، يقول: فهم لا يصدِّقون رسلَ الله، ولا يقرُّون بوحيه وتنزيله.

جامع البيان في تأويل القرآن – تفسير الطبري

The saying in interpreting His verse: {Verily, the vilest of beasts in front of Allah are those who commit kufr and they do not believe (8:55)}:-

Abu Ja’far said: The Almighty says that: Indeed, the vilest of that which crawls on the earth, in front of Allah, are those who disbelieve in their Lord, and they deny His Tawhiid, and worship other than Him; {and they do not believe}: He says: And they do not testify to ALL the Prophets of Allah; and they also do not accept and acknowledge His Divine Revelations and Books. 

Tafsiir At-Tabari

It is clear that denial of any one prophet of Allah is denial of ALL of them, and denying belief in Allah and His Tawhiid, as He is The One Who sent ALL His Prophets with the belief of His Tawhiid.

This proves once again that christians and jews are kafirs, for they neither accept Allah’s Messengers, nor His Books. The christians are polytheists who believe in the evil belief of trinity and also do not accept Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and the Quran and the jews neither accept our Master ‘Eisa, nor our Master Muhammad ﷺ, the last Messenger of Allah, salawatu(A)llahi wa salamuhu ‘alaihim ajma’een.

Acceptance of our Master Rasulullah ﷺ and the Quran is acceptance of ALL the Prophets of Allah.

Imam of the Ahlus Sunnah, Imam Abu Mansuur Al-Maturidi says in his tafsiir:

وقوله – عَزَّ وَجَلَّ -: (إِنَّ شَرَّ الدَّوَابِّ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا فَهُمْ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ) ذكر هاهنا شر الدواب عند اللَّه الذين لا يؤمنون وذكر، في آية أخرى: (إِنَّ شَرَّ الدَّوَابِّ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ الصُّمُّ الْبُكْمُ الَّذِينَ لَا يَعْقِلُونَ)، هم شر الدواب؛ حيث سمعوا الآيات والحق وعقلوها فلم يؤمنوا بها، أي: لم ينتفعوا بما عقلوا مما وقع في مسامعهم، ومما درسوا كمن لا سمع له ولا لسان، نفى عنهم ذلك؛ لما لم ينتفعوا بما عقلوا.
ويحتمل أن يكون في الآخرة، أي: يبعثون يوم القيامة صمًّا بكمًا عميًا؛ لما لم ينتفعوا في الدنيا بهذه الحواس؛ كقوله: (وَنَحْشُرُهُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ عَلَى وُجُوهِهِمْ عُمْيًا وَبُكْمًا وَصُمًّا. . .) الآية.

اية(الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا فَهُمْ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ) وهو كما ذكر في آية أخرى: (أُولَئِكَ كَالْأَنْعَامِ بَلْ هُمْ أَضَلُّ)، أخبر أن الذين كفروا وكذبوا بآياته أضل من الأنعام، وقد ذكرنا فائدة قوله: (بَلْ هُمْ أَضَلُّ) في موضعه.
ويحتمل قوله: (شَرَّ الدَّوَابِّ) أي: شر من يدب على وجه الأرض من الممتحنين (الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا فَهُمْ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ)، ثم ليكونوا بهذا الوصف إذا ختموا بالكفر وترك الإيمان.

تفسير الماتريدي – تأويلات أهل السنة

And His saying, Glorified is His Majesty: {Verily, the vilest of beasts in front of Allah are those who commit kufr and they do not believe} Mentioned herein is that in front of Allah, those who do not believe, are evil beasts, and it is mentioned, in another verse {Indeed, the vilest of beasts in front of Allah are the deaf and the mute, those who have no sense (8:22)} – they are the vilest of beasts: wherein they hear the verses and the truth and understand them, but do not believe in them; that is, they are not benefited by what they understand from that which they hear. And those of them that study are as if they have no hearing or speech. This has been negated upon them, when they did not benefit from what they understood, and this is how they shall be in the hereafter; that is, on The Day of Judgment, they shall be raised, deaf, dumb and blind, when they did not benefit by these senses in this world. As He said {… and on the Day of Judgment, We shall raise them [being dragged] on their faces, blind, and dumb, and deaf … (17:97)} 

{Those who commit kufr and they do not believe}, and that is as has been discussed in another verse {… they are like cattle, in fact, more astray than them … (7:179)}. He has informed that those who disbelieve and deny his verses, they are further misguided than cattle, and it’s as we have discussed the merit in His saying {in fact, more astray than them} in its place [discussed under the tafsiir of that verse] and it augments His saying {the vilest of beasts}, that is, the vilest of those that crawl on the earth from all those examined [i.e., vilest of all life-forms] are {those who commit kufr and they do not believe}. Then they stay upon this description if they are sealed upon disbelief and rejection of faith [in Allah and His Messengers]. 

Tafsiir Al-Maturiidi

The tafsiir of the Master and Imam of the Mufassiroon, Sayyidina ‘Ibn Abbaas, says:

 اية:{إِنَّ شَرَّ الدَّوَابّ} الْخلق والخليقة {عِندَ الله الَّذين كَفَرُواْ} بَنو قُرَيْظَة وَغَيرهم {فَهُمْ لاَ يُؤمنُونَ} بِمُحَمد عَلَيْهِ الصَّلَاة وَالسَّلَام وَالْقُرْآن

تنوير المقباس من تفسير ابن عباس

{Verily, the vilest of beasts} [from among all of] mankind and animal-kind {in front of Allah, are those who commit kufr} banu qurayzdhah and others {and they do not believe} in Muhammad [ﷺ], on him be salutations and peace, and in the Quran.

Tafsiir Ibn ‘Abbaas

Please do not be led astray by the kafirs pretending to be Muslim scholars, if they tell you that this verse was revealed in relation to the jews of banu qurayzdhah, and is exclusive to them.

PLEASE NOTE:  EXCLUSIVITY OF THE CIRCUMSTANCES OF REVELATION DOES NOT IMPLY EXCLUSIVITY IN THE COMMAND OR ‘AQIIDAH POINT CONTAINED IN THE VERSE.

Is denial of the prophets & messengers exclusive to the jews of banu qurayzdhah or just the jews or is it general to all kafirs? It is general to all kafirs. 

This is why our Master Ibn ‘Abbaas adds the phrase ‘and others’, implying other kafirs, and states very clearly that they do not believe in our Master Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and the Quran. This is why Imams At-Tabari & Al-Maturidi talk generally about all kafirs, and give the supporting verses from the Quran.

If we tie down the information, ‘aqaid, and ahkam contained in verses to specific circumstances of revelation, the entire deen would become limited to the 23 years of the period of its revelation and nothing more!!

The conclusion that we learn from this verse and its exegesis:

Anyone who has heard about our Master Rasulullah ﷺ and yet does not accept our Master Muhammad Rasulullah ﷺ as Allah’s last and final prophet & messenger and the Quran as Allah’s Divine Revelation, he is indeed lower than bovine and swine, according to the Muslim tradition. This is incontestably proven from the Quran.

Learn this verse and its meaning yourselves and also teach it to your children.  

And success isn’t but by Allah’s granting. 

Edit: Translation corrected at 2:16 AM, 27 Dec 2013

 
 

2 responses to “Verse 8:55 – Who are the disbelievers and what does the Quran call them?

  1. HSATB

    January 10, 2014 at 10:39 pm

    As Salamu Alaykum

    There is a man from Palestine who lives in the west and makes khutbas and speeches in arabic. He is very famous among some arab muslims. Especially in Tunisia people like and follow him in his kufr. For example he negates many ahadith which do not fit to his ideas and people are spreading it. He is negating so many things of Islam but the people like him and call him sunni just because he is against wahhabis and extremists. He also has shiite beliefs and supports openely shia scholars.

    I am very concerned about how many people become zanadiqa through him and everyone who speaks against him is called wahhabi. No single classical scholar speaks against him.

     
  2. Haya

    June 2, 2014 at 6:23 pm

    Jazakallahu khairan.

     

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