Verse 5:5 – ahl al-kitab are still pagans, despite the exception to eat their slaughter

02 Jun

As-Salamu ‘Alaikum,

I had posted these before. Just consolidating into a single post with the relevant verse number. The sayings of the mufassiroon are self explanatory that ahl al-kitab are still kafirs despite us being granted certain specific permissions in regards to them.

الْيَوْمَ أُحِلَّ لَكُمُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ وَطَعَامُ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ حِلٌّ لَكُمْ وَطَعَامُكُمْ حِلٌّ لَهُمْ وَالْمُحْصَنَاتُ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ وَالْمُحْصَنَاتُ مِنَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ إِذَا آَتَيْتُمُوهُنَّ أُجُورَهُنَّ مُحْصِنِينَ غَيْرَ مُسَافِحِينَ وَلَا مُتَّخِذِي أَخْدَانٍ وَمَنْ يَكْفُرْ بِالْإِيمَانِ فَقَدْ حَبِطَ عَمَلُهُ وَهُوَ فِي الْآَخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ

Translation of meaning: Made lawful for you today are the clean things, and the foods of the people given the book are permissible for you, and your foods are permissible for them; and chaste women from the believers and the chaste women from the people who have been given a book prior to you, when you provide them their mahr binding them [in marriage], not by lewdness and taking them as secretive companions; he who disbelieves from iman, all his deeds are lost, and in the hereafter he is from the doomed. [Holy Quran 5:5]

Relevant points under this verse from Imam Fakhruddin Ar-Razi’s encyclopedic Mafaatiih Al-Ghayb:

، وأكثر الفقهاء على أن ذلك مخصوص بالذمية فقط، وهذا قول ابن عباس، فإنه قال: من نساء أهل الكتاب من يحل لنا، ومنهن من لا يحل لنا، وقرأ {قاتلوا الذين لا يؤمنون بالله} إلى قوله {حتى يعطوا الجزية عن يد} (التوبة: 29) فمن أعطى الجزية حل، ومن لم يعط لم يحل

And majority of the [mujtahid] fuqahaa are [united] on [the opinion] that this [permission to marry ahl al-kitab women] is specific ONLY to the dhimmiyah, and this is the saying of Ibn ‘Abbaas, because he said: “From the women of the ahl al-kitab which ones are permissible on us [to marry] and which ones of them are not permissible on us [to marry]?” and he read {War [against] the people who do not believe in Allah} until His saying {until they pay the jizyah with their hands} (9:29). Therefore the one who pays the jizyah is permissible * [to marry] and the one who doesn’t is not permissible [to marry].

* i.e., the one who belongs to a society that pays jizyah, i.e., it refers to women of the dhimmis, they are allowed to be married. It doesn’t mean that the woman personally has to be the jizyah payer, as jizyah is paid by their men.


: قال تعالى: {أخدان ومن يكفر بالإيمان فقد حبط عمله} وفيه مسائل

He, Ta’ala said: [… And he who disbelieves from iman, all his deeds are lost] and on it there are details:

المسألة الأولى: في تعلق هذه الآية بما قبلها وجهان: الأول: أن المقصود منه الترغيب فيما تقدم من التكاليف والأحكام، يعني ومن يكفر بشرائع الله وبتكاليفه فقد خاب وخسر في الدنيا والآخرة، والثاني: قال القفال: المعنى أن أهل الكتاب وإن حصلت لهم في الدنيا فضيلة المناكحة وإباحة الذبائح في الدنيا إلا أن ذلك لا يفرق بينهم وبين المشركين في أحوال الآخرة وفي الثواب والعقاب، بل كل من كفر بالله فقد حبط عمله في الدنيا ولم يصل إلى شيء من السعادات في الآخرة البتة

First detail: Connected to this verse, and what precedes it, there are two points: Firstly, It is related to the responsibility and the commandments discussed previously, meaning, he who disbelieves in Allah’s commands and His assigned responsibilities, he is indeed doomed and has lost in this world and the hereafter. Secondly, [as] Qaffaal said: The meaning is that although the ahl al-kitab have attained the merit in this world of [Muslims] being permitted to marry their women and eat their slaughter, in no case are they different from the rest of the mushrikiin (polytheists) in the matters pertaining to rewards and punishments in the hereafter. Rather, every one who disbelieves in Allah, all his deeds in this world are annihilated and most definitely none of the bliss from the bliss of the hereafter reaches him.


10 responses to “Verse 5:5 – ahl al-kitab are still pagans, despite the exception to eat their slaughter

  1. HSATB

    June 2, 2014 at 3:42 pm

    As Salamu Alaykum
    Can it be said that the jews and some christian have the basic concept of tawhid since we know that those jews and christians before the Prophet who were muwahhid are saved?
    And could you explain if only Ahl ul-Kitab has the right on dhimmah or also maybe pagans? We know that there is a disagreement in this issue.

    • 'Abd-Allah al-Mujaddidi al-Naqshbandi

      June 2, 2014 at 5:22 pm

      Waleykum Salam

      Those ‘jews’ and ‘christians’ who adhering to Tawhiid and without reneging believed in Sayyiduna Muusa and ‘Eisa, ‘alaihimus salam, during their currency, before the arrival of the last and final prophet and messenger of Allah, our Master Muhammad ﷺ – they were MUSLIMS. Please see verse 3:52 as an example.

      As for the subsequent christians and jews, who are the christians and jews as we know them, they are pagans and mushrikiin EVEN IF by some chance ‘believe’ in one deity and do not believe in the evil belief of ‘son of god’, ‘trinity’ etc. The reason is that Allah is the One & Only True God of all creation and He is The One Who has sent ALL His Prophets.

      If they reject the prophethood of our Master Muhammad ﷺ, then in reality this rejection of the messengerhood of our Master RasulAllah ﷺ is a filthy allegation that whatever he has brought with him, has been sent by someone other than Allah, The One & Only God of all creation who also sent Muusa and ‘Eisa ‘alaihimus salam, and other prophets – AND THUS THEIR REJECTION OF THE PROPHETHOOD OF OUR MASTER RASULALLAH ﷺ MAKES THEM AS POLYTHEISTS AND PAGANS.

      Rejection of EVEN ONE prophet of Allah is disbelief in Him. Acceptance of our Master RasulAllah ﷺ is the acceptance of ALL previous prophets of Allah.


      Please see this post –

      In regards to the jizyah and the grant of dhimmah – please see this post –

      As you said there is a disagreement on the issue. In short, according to the madhhab of Imam Abu Hanifa, jizyah can be taken from all kafirs, idol-worshiping pagans as well as ahl al-kitab. In the madhhab of Imam Ash-Shafi’iy, jizyah can only be taken from the ahl al-kitab and the magians and no-one else.

  2. Haya

    June 3, 2014 at 8:53 am

    Jazakallahu khairan.

    Is it permissible to eat food in the same platter with Christian and Jew or not? And what about other kuffar other than Ahlul Kitab?

    • 'Abd-Allah al-Mujaddidi al-Naqshbandi

      June 3, 2014 at 1:00 pm

      As I know, it is permitted if the maslaha of the situation demands it and if the platter is clean by Muslim standards and the food is lawful. Also the platter should not be a mix of halal and non-halal items. Mixing halal and non-halal together makes all the food in the vessel non-halal.

      Fruits and vegetables, bread, milk, water etc. are lawful.

      Swine is unlawful as are beasts of prey. Alcohol is unlawful.

      Meat slaughtered by Muslims or a kitabiyy is lawful.

      However, if it can be avoided, it is better.

  3. Qualiasoup

    June 9, 2014 at 9:51 am

    What is the Muslim position re: evolution?

    • 'Abd-Allah al-Mujaddidi al-Naqshbandi

      June 9, 2014 at 2:25 pm

      Please see this post by Shaykh Abu Adam of Sunnianswers:

      • Qualiasoupfan

        June 10, 2014 at 11:02 am

        A very poor article. The author clearly does not understand evolution. Darwin knew nothing of genetics/DNA; the theory of evolution has changed dramatically in the last few decades.

      • 'Abd-Allah al-Mujaddidi al-Naqshbandi

        June 10, 2014 at 2:17 pm

        You are incapacitated to grasp the written word. Notwithstanding your incapability to separate metaphysics from physics. As Muslims, we aren’t concerned with the rest of the talk on evolution.

        We only seek to negate the blasphemous theory that MAN descended/evolved from apes.

        The claim by some/all modern biological scientists, that they know FOR A FACT that man descended from apes, that they know EXACTLY what happened thousands of years ago, based on some shoddy pieces of “evidence” that they just bumped into in the recent past (if they still make such a claim) – is INCREDIBLY ARROGANT, PREPOSTEROUS & COMICAL.

        These are the very same people who can’t even explain certain common biological phenomena from OUR TIMES – such as causes and cures of some diseases, causes of certain allergies or their cures, or why certain medications are well received by certain individuals and yet lead to detrimental effects in others, why certain treatments work on some people and not on others, etc.

        Until these fools solve the most common mysteries relating to the human body IN THEIR OWN TIMES, when they can explore direct evidences and study them directly AND YET HAVE NO ANSWERS, they should keep their mouths shut tight on the topic of origin of man.

        Hope that makes it abundantly clear on what the Muslim position is.

  4. Qualiasoupfan

    June 10, 2014 at 3:09 pm

    [blabbery removed]

    • 'Abd-Allah al-Mujaddidi al-Naqshbandi

      June 10, 2014 at 3:31 pm

      Again – the day you come with answers to the mysterious phenomena exhibited by the human body IN OUR OWN TIMES – something you can directly observe and study – is the day you should start pondering over the origins of mankind.

      You can’t even explain with certainty a plethora of phenomena exhibited by the human body right now, and you have all the material you need for evidence at your disposal. You’re not even done yet JUST KNOWING the number of species of flora and fauna that EXIST in the world, let alone knowing how they function.

      Yet you venture out to say with certainty how things were in the past.

      Besides if you believe in evolution, then what’s to say WITH CERTAINTY that the “evidence” that you have in your hands now, looked and functioned exactly the same way it did thousands of years ago? Your evolution theory is self-imploding.

      Again, we are only concerned about negating the blasphemous theory regarding the origin of man. In all other cases, we are not concerned, one way or another.

      As for cosmology and astronomy-related matters, those issues are not an article of creed in Islam as the origin of man is explicitly stated. They are based on descriptive verses.

      No more nonsense on this topic will be accepted.


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